It's NORMAL for blood to change color during the course of your period!
Your period may change colors from the beginning to the middle to the end. You may even have different colors from month to month or at different times throughout your life. There are a number of factors involved, even when your periods are totally “healthy.”
The Main Period Colors
Black ⚫️, Brown 🟤 or Dark Red 🔴
Dark colored blood, is usually old blood taking longer to leave your uterus.
The color radius from Dark Red to Black depends on the level of oxygenation.
Black blood has usually taken longer top evacuate and has had time to oxidize, first turning brown or dark red and then eventually becoming black. The Older blood, the darker the color.
It's pretty standard at the beginning or end of your period.
In some cases, black blood ⚫️ can also indicate a blockage inside a person’s vagina, followed by other symptoms such as: foul-smelling discharge, fever, difficulty urinating and/or itching or swelling in or around the vagina.
Brown 🟤 or Dark Red 🔴 can also be related to implantation bleeding or lochia. These words sounds daunting, but in realty just mean the following (For more info on these terms, scroll to the bottom of the article):
- Lochia: Dark red or brown vaginal discharge that occurs after giving birth
- Implantation bleeding: referred by doctors as early sign of pregnancy
Bright red ❤️
Fresh blood and is flowing quickly. Your blood may stay this way your whole period or may darken as your flow slows.
This lighter shade likely indicates that the blood has mixed with your cervical fluid, diluting its color (also normal).
Pretty common when spotting and more specifically during ovulation time.
Often associated with low levels of Estrogen (one of our female hormones). Estrogen helps to stabilize the uterine lining. Without it, your lining may start shedding, at times throughout your cycle.
When blood mixes with cervical fluid it may also appear orange. It can be the sign of either an infection or an "Implantation spotting" (beginning of a pregnancy)
Grey or Off-white ⚪️
Gray or off-white discharge are mostly associated with (vaginal) infections.
NOTE: These are guidelines.
If you have a doubt or feel uneasy about your period color, discuss it with a doctor or OBGYN.
Lochia is not a cause for concern and is the body’s way of expelling excess blood and tissue from the uterus.
Lochia typically begins with bright red blood and then transitions to a darker shade as the flow decreases. Over time, the discharge will then become lighter in both color and amount.
The duration of lochia varies from person to person, but it usually passes within the first few months after delivery. Women who experience very heavy bleeding after giving birth should see a doctor.
Not all women experience lochia after giving birth. Women may also experience irregular periods after giving birth due to changes in hormone levels.
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